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How we can slow down our aging
- The secret of a long and normal life
- Imperceptible signs of aging
- Biological reasons of aging
- Our breathing kills us
- Antioxidants - protection against presenilation
- Jean Clamon died in France in 1997 at the age of 122 years.
She was the oldest (documentary registered) inhabitant of the world.
She has outlived 17 presidents of France, has mourned over death of
tsar Nikolay II and queen Victoria. She has given up fencing at the age of 85 years,
and at the age of 100 years she has stopped bicycling.
Could Jean Clamon live even longer? Maybe.
- Siredziyo Idzumi died in Japan in 1986 at the age of 120 years and 237 days.
He could probably live a bit longer - but under what conditions?
- In mountain village Sinhua in the Northern China almost all inhabitants
live till age of 85 years and more. It is known that they die a natural death.
No case of serious diseases has been registered. They explain it by the fact that
they breathe fresh mountain air, eat food without chemical supplements and
drink very pure spring water. Natural sources are accessible for them all
the year round, they are surrounded by ancient woods in which there grow
over 200 kinds of medicinal plants which they use as food supplements.
The majority of people want to live not simply for a long time,
but for a long time and a life of full value, instead of simply to exist
and pay off with pains, an immovability and dependence on associates
(and to be a burden to the relatives). Just it usually occurs in case of a long life.
Is the life prolongation connected with a place of residence or way of existence,
with what the person eats or does not eat ?
The secret of a long and normal life
The majority of gerontologists state that this secret consists in:
- way of life;
For the time being we almost cannot affect the first condition.
But we can undertake something to change other conditions in the required direction.
Process of aging begins already at the age of 20-30 years. But the majority of us
do not notice it till we shall cross a 40-years boundary.
And after it the process of aging becomes fast and obvious.
However aging is not an event but rather a process which can be eased,
slowed down, and sometimes stopped - and even turned back.
Top of Page.
Imperceptible signs of aging
If you are already over 40 and you have not noticed certain changes yet,
check up your sight and the factor of mental faculties.
The basic "imperceptible" changes are:
- Lack of energy. Sometimes in the mornings there is sensation of apathy, slackness.
Respiratory abilities start reducing already after 20 years and
get reduced by 40% at an old age.
- Muscles grow weaker, physical achievements (especially in sports) decrease significantly.
- Less erotic attraction and in general less attraction to anything else
(perhaps except for meal, rest and sleep).
- Deterioration of vision.
The ability of night vision is especially strongly reduced.
The risk of cataract development (the most frequent form of senile blindness)
appreciably grows after the age of 60 years.
- Speed of thinking decreases.
However general slowing-down of intellectual reactions and decrease in memory
comes usually after 70 years.
- Less gracilis muscles (seeming completeness).
- Hair becomes sparser. Hair falling out and gray hair.
- The skin becomes dry and wrinkled.
- Arthritis manifestation usually declare themselves after the age of 30 years,
and with each decade the situation gets worser.
- Losses of mineral substances from bones usually take place after 35 years.
These losses increase after menopause with women and after 60 years with men.
Fortunately this process can be slowed down with the help of food supplements.
From the point of view of age-related changes distinctions between aged people are greater,
than those between young ones.
The normal process of aging can alter under effect of a disease.
Corporeal changes are connected with the age, but they are not necessarily accompanied
by health problems.
There is no common, chronologically precise schedule of aging.
Even inside one body different organs prosper or suffer to a different extent.
A person can die 10 years earlier his "term" in spite of the fact that all his organs,
with the exception of a sole one, work normally. The human body is a system,
and we depend on its weakest link even if it is a trivial filter or a primitive valve.
Plural and essential influence of each organ on all others makes
aging hopelessly irreversible and imperceptibly increasing.
The process of aging is affected by many factors, such as genes, diseases,
an exhaustion, stresses and griefs, an environment, lifestyle and
directions of our consciousness.
Biological reasons of aging
Scientists allocate 4 basic specific biological reasons of aging:
- Redundancy of free radicals in cells as cells absorb oxygen for energy production.
- The increased level of insulin and cortisol- hormones of aging.
- Reduction of the level of the superhormones, which slow down aging - testosterone, estrogen,
progesterone, melatonin and a growth hormone.
- Biological clocks in each cell are telomeres monitoring cell division.
First three factors are natural processes, which in many respects result from a modern
style of life and depend on us to some degree. These factors usually become the reason
of many age diseases. We almost cannot yet influence the last factor for a while,
but researches in this area are being carried out...
In opinion of scientists - biologists and gerontologists, free radicals
critical factor of the process of aging.
Our breathing kills us
We cannot do without oxygen. It participates in many thousands of chemical
reactions at a cellular level. Almost each of 60-100 billions of cells of our body
produces energy at the expense of energy of oxidation.
But therewith inevitably appear molecules of the transformed oxygen,
(which have no only one electron in the external orbit) -
extremely active free radicals
Basically free radicals are formed in our body by 4 ways:
- As a by-product at oxygen consumption (oxidation) by cells of the organism themselves
- As a result of oxygen extraction by our cells from external chemical compounds
- As a result of struggle of our immune system with viruses, bacteria, parasites or
alien proteins. The organism develops white corpuscles which in turn develop
free radicals for an attack (due to their over-activity) on the reasons of infection.
Recovery is impossible without free radicals, but the organism cannot develop
them just in the required amount.
It inevitably develops them in a bit larger amount than it is necessary (otherwise
the infection will overcome the organism) - (struggle against infections).
Everything is as in the war - the exact balance of forces of enemies'armies is
impossible for achievement of a victory of one of the armies.
- From the environment - together with ultra-violet radiation (even from the sun),
air pollutions, pesticides (in water and food), peroxides (peroxide of hydrogen,
free oxygen - ozone, hydroxyl,nitrate oxide, etc.) and with some medical
preparations (the environment).
Have you noticed that people working often and
for a long time out of doors, exposed to the sun and wind, grow old rather quickly -
especially in the countenance?
Naturally, we cannot avoid contact with free radicals - they are inevitably formed inside us.
Even moreover - they are necessary for our life, especially in case of acute and
inflammatory diseases. And we need to struggle not with free radicals as such,
but with their rebundance.
Because of their over-activity free radicals very easily form compounds with
other molecules of any cells of our body which appear nearby from them.
The damaged molecules provoke chains of other chemical reactions. Thus, even the
only free radical can become a reason of a large number of cellular disorders.
Free radicals destroy everything around them - enzymes, other endocellular proteins
but that is worse - fragile lipid membranes surrounding a cell.
However it is even worse that they destroy the nuclear membranes containing
the information about the cell DNA. This menacing process is known as lipid oxidation.
It can remain unnoticed for a long time and can lead to mutations (cancer) and cell death.
Each cell is subject to up to 10000 oxygen "impacts" per second.
If our organism had no protection against free radicals, it would be
killed with the only molecule of a free radical! That is we would be killed
with our inhalation of oxygen from air. We would turn to a pile of cellular
ruins in a short period of time.
There certainly exist some protection but it is not always sufficient -
especially in the modern polluted world.
There have been already revealed over 100 diseases, which original cause are
free radicals. Protection against free radicals are neutralizers of free
radicals known as antioxidants.
Antioxidants - protection against presenilation
If antioxidants cannot clear the organism of free radicals, the caused damage
is shown as different signs of aging and diseases. When the level of free radicals
grows (especially in case of infectious diseases and long exposure to the sun,
in harmful manufacture, etc.), the need of an organism for additional antioxidants
increases as well. For example, smokers require twice - thrice more vitamin C than
non-smokers to support the same level of antioxidants in blood. Antioxidants are our
protection against the accelerated aging.
Natural antioxidants of our body include enzymes(dismutaz superoxide - DSO),
small molecules produced by our cells (glutathione), and some vitamins.
The majority of diets includes vitamins C and E, provitamin A and selenium.
For more detailed information see pages Vitamins and amino acids and
Minerals and microelements
Unfortunately, with the years (usually after the age of 28-30 years)
the amount of slags in our intestines is such, that the most part of vitamins
and microcells from food simply is not perceived. Special cleaning diets or
food supplements of complex action are necessary.
Harry ALDER - Practical guidance on life prolongation.
Sanct-Petersburg: "Peter", 2001 - 256 ps.
The composition and translation from Russian:
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